dr. Yasam Ayavefe defines the regional network and explains the impact of related territorial issues
The first and most obvious source of research is the territoriality of the network.
Two main issues need to be examined in the ability to interconnect capacities and share information and in reliability, efficiency and scalability.
It does not make much sense to build an Internet reduced to national territory with a device guaranteed by decentralization.
Therefore, the Internet is a global connectivity tool that overturns existing regulatory frameworks built on the legitimacy of regions.
A state cannot control any kind of information exchange with its citizens that is outside of its sovereignty. Therefore, any regulation of information via the Internet can be avoided.
Tools are needed to bypass all restrictions on the use of information. The Internet does not make government intervention illegitimate. But this makes them ineffective or at least difficult to handle.
Today, a large departure from the limitations that previous technologies did not allow is possible. This is not the first time in history that technology has ignored legal norms.
In practice, however, service and content providers locate their activities in regions where standards are imposed that best suit their preferences. The Internet tends to organize conflicts and direct competition between these standards.
Competition between standards can therefore lead to alignment on the lowest common denominator. For example, there is a decision on e-commerce tax exemption.
This territoriality is limited to certain activities. (For example, when it comes to e-commerce of material resources)
But this competition affects all standards related to content. It is a broad field, from the use of intellectual property rights to the protection of personal data.
The effect of this competition for rights to everything related to information activities creates principles of common law. Despite the possibility of defining international conventions, it carries deep instability in existing legal systems.
Tax regulations explain the reasons for the development of common restrictive standards. States are always willing not to adhere to these international standards which limit their effectiveness in promoting economic development.
On the other hand, the possibility of agreeing on precise standards beyond a few basic principles is limited. Because different rights reflect sometimes conflicting understandings of historical and philosophical traditions.
The probability of reaching operational agreements on standards that will be applied at the international level is relatively low, as evidenced by the differences in freedom of expression or use of personal data between Europeans and Americans.
The Internet is a technological platform for exchange. It also includes the distinction between agreements between telecommunications, audiovisual services, printing, for the storage and processing of all information, regardless of its form and content.
Publishing, etc., which the previous technological foundations had to impose. is also questioned.
For example, the differentiation of regulations in telecommunications and the audiovisual field is largely explained by the differentiated economics of different technical networks that did not have the same functionality or the same cost constraints.
The granting of licenses to work in the audiovisual sector is justified by the limitation of managing a rare resource, which is the radio frequency.
Definition of a regional network
Regional network staff
network for regeneration
European Register of Charities
local non-governmental organizations
European Youth Foundation
non-governmental youth organization
The differentiation of legislation in terms of content control between the audiovisual and the written word is caused by the technical difficulties of organizing filtering in the mass media according to recipients.
Today, the transmission of Internet, telephone, radio and television, etc. Circumvention options are still limited because traditional network services such as Therefore, current regulations remain applicable.
The fact is that the development of high-speed Internet and a series of complementary technologies, such as electronic books (e-books) or print-on-demand techniques, will transform the Internet into a potential medium for the dissemination and exploitation of the most information. happy.
This technical change will have two types of impact:
• First, make traditional regulations partially dysfunctional
• Second, make some regulations partially illegitimate.
Regarding the territoriality issues mentioned above, the destabilization of the existing regulatory framework is not only due to the possibility of overcoming them.
It also results from the removal of certain restrictions. For example, there is a need to manage a limited hertz spectrum for broadcasting audiovisual programs or to enable a distribution network for cultural products connecting a region.
dr. Yasam Ayavefe
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