Speeding up your computer can make a big difference in your everyday life. It is normal for computers to become weaker and slower over time, which can make them difficult to use. This can happen for several reasons, such as full HD, lack of system cleanup, programs running in the background, among other possibilities. ON TechTudo has separated eight simple functions to make your PC faster without installing anything, whether it’s Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10 or Windows 11.
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1. Disk/cache cleanup
It is recommended to clean your computer system frequently, as temporary files, caches, error reports and many other useless things accumulate during use and access to the Internet, which can fill the internal space without you realizing it. Windows has a native tool for this process.
Clean your computer’s hard drive often — Photo: Playback/Barbara Mannara
To access it, click on the start menu, select “Add-ons”, “System Tools” and then “Disk Cleanup”. After the analysis, mark the items you want to clean and finish with “Ok”. Note that each item shows the space taken up on your computer.
How to make your computer faster without installing anything? Some tips can help your computer ‘fly’ — Photo: Luciana Maline/TechTudo
The user can make the computer faster by removing some programs that he no longer uses. The computer can natively perform the process to remove browsers, torrent programs, and more. Go to “Control Panel” and under “Programs” select “Uninstall a program”.
Uninstall programs you no longer need — Photo: Reproduction/Barbara Mannar
Click on the software from the list and confirm on “Uninstall”. Then just follow the steps of each program to complete the action. It is recommended to restart the computer after uninstalling the program.
3. Clean junk folders and empty trash
Some folders on the computer can be forgotten by users and can accumulate many heavy files. A good example is the “Downloads” folder with several items that are not even used, old torrents, but saved photos and more. It’s worth combing your computer and deleting what you no longer need.
Delete files and empty the recycle bin on your computer — Photo: Playback/Barbara Mannara
This frees up space and the computer processes data faster. Finally, delete everything from the trash: right-click on the desktop icon and select “Empty Trash.”
4. Check the free HD size (and use an external HD)
Having an idea of your computer’s internal storage space can help you plan how much space you intend to fill. This way you avoid crashes or slowdowns while performing tasks. To find out, go to “My Computer” and check the “Local Disk” item. It is recommended to leave at least 10% or 20% free of the total amount.
Check the HD size and leave some free space — Photo: Reproduction/Barbara Mannar
If you have little internal space, a good option is to buy an external HD. See the 1 TB file storage models in this list. Don’t know which one to choose? Then check out our tips on how to choose an external hard drive.
5. Disk defragmentation
Users can also perform disk defragmentation to make the system more fluid. The process collects the loose elements in the system and “organizes” the data so that when clicked, everything reacts in the best way. The process is also native to Windows: go to the Start menu, select “Accessories”, “System Tools” and finally “Disk Defragmenter”.
Defrag the disk — Photo: Playback/Barbara Mannara
Run the process using “Analyze Disk” and after completion select “Defrag Disk”. The resource may take several hours to complete, and it is recommended to leave it running overnight, for example, without moving the system. Then restart your computer. See the guide for the entire process on Windows 7 and Windows 8.
6. See which programs are running and exit
Some programs can run in the background, consuming your computer’s storage and RAM. And that can slow down usage. To check what is open on your computer, press the keyboard command “CTRL+SHIFT+ESC” to open the Windows Task Manager. Open programs are displayed in “Applications”. Click on one of them and select “End Tasks” to close.
Close programs and executable files that are running — Photo: Reproduction/Barbara Mannara
The Processes tab will show which applications are also running in the background on your computer and how much memory they are using. Find the ones you don’t need and complete the “End Task”. It’s worth being careful not to close anything from Microsoft’s operating system, like Explorer, which is a navigation bar, not a browser.
Windows Task Manager also shows how much CPU and RAM memory is being consumed during use, with graphs. So you can have an idea if you have any problems related to it. To access it, press the keyboard command “CTRL+ALT+ESC” and then click on the “Performance” tab.
Manage your computer’s performance — Photo: Reproduction/Barbara Mannar
The data will be displayed in graphs: observe the consumption level of each item. If you want to see every application on the computer and how much it affects the system, select the “Resource Monitor” item. Items will be separated by processor, disk, network, and memory. Want to know more options? See the list of the most practical utilities to improve computer performance.
8. Remove autostart programs
Many programs end up being programmed to run automatically every time you turn on or restart your computer, and this can slow down the process. To check and choose which programs you want to keep in this feature, access “Run” in the start menu (shortcut: Wind+R) and type “services.msc” (without quotes).
Remove autostart services — Photo: Playback/Barbara Mannara
A list with automatic, manual or disabled startup services will open. Double click on one of them which is useless to run and change the menu to “manual” or “disabled”. Confirm with “Ok”.
The “msconfig” command (without quotes) in Run displays the executable files that run with the system. Select the “Startup Programs” tab and uncheck the ones you don’t want to start automatically. Confirm on “Apply”.
Managing applications running on a computer — Photo: Playback/Barbara Mannara
In both cases, it is not recommended to close software such as antivirus, Wi-Fi connection or other functions that are important for the operation of your computer, so choose carefully. See the guide for access in Windows 8. Tips are derived in Windows 7.