Technological progress never ceases to surprise us. On this track, a revolutionary phenomenon – still little known to the general public – is developing with great strides behind the scenes and is projecting radical changes in the current state of affairs. We are talking about quantum computing.
Traditional computing, which is already quite fast and capable, is nowhere near what is coming. With quantum computing, we can design solutions to many of today’s challenges. The computers used present difficulties in performing combinatorial analyses, which require the processing of many possible combinations between sets of information.
Today, such calculations require a lot of computing power – in other words, a lot of time and money. With quantum computing, that should change.
Quantum computing uses unexplored atomic states to perform calculations. In it, data is stored in “qubits”, the properties of which enable the phenomenon of superposition. On a traditional computer, a “bit” can have a value of 0 or 1; “qubit” offers more possibilities, displaying the values 0 and 1 at the same time.
Quantum computing uses unexplored atomic states to perform calculations
Another difference of “qubits” is that they have the characteristic of entanglement, which reduces the number of actions required to change their state.
After all, that means quantum computers find solutions faster and cheaper in combinatorics compared to traditional computers. This is because they can test multiple possibilities simultaneously, reducing the number of operations required to complete the calculation.
What advances does quantum computing promote in the world?
Along with this progress, disruption is predicted in multiple domains. After all, we are talking about revolutionary technology, which aims to facilitate different sectors, such as:
Artificial Intelligence: Quantum computing exploits the use of artificial intelligence systems, which require the processing of large amounts of information to make predictions and make more decisive decisions.
Drug development: quantum computing promises to speed up the discovery and manipulation of molecules, faster execution of simulations of their properties, which accelerates the process of developing new drugs.
Cyber Security: quantum computing may make it possible to break encryption, which is now a pillar of cybersecurity. This will lead to challenges in maintaining the credibility of technologies that are currently considered extremely secure, such as blockchain.
Financial services: Quantum computing promises to offer greater computing power used for financial analysis, asset pricing and more, which is now seen as differentiating from institutions operating in the sector.
We are entering a fascinating era of quantum computing, which will enable many innovations in many key sectors of the economy. If, on the one hand, this means that we are moving towards a society that is even more capable of solving problems, we must also pay attention to risks.
After all, what are the risks of quantum computing?
Quantum computing will enable an increase in information processing capacity
Quantum computing will enable an unprecedented increase in information processing capacity. This will require even more governance – by organizations – around topics such as information security and personal data protection.
It won’t be possible to surf this new wave without doing your homework first, because of course current and upcoming regulation will limit this new (and immense) power. So it needs to be pay attention to the existing laws on security, privacy and data protection and the likeas well as monitoring the development of regulations.
In this sense, it is worth mentioning that in Brazil, in addition to the General Data Protection Law (Law 13.709/2018 or “LGPD”), the Federal Senate inaugurated a Commission of Jurists to shape the future regulation on artificial intelligence.
Both topics must suffer impacts and will have to be read in the light of the respective technological advances. We are waiting for the scenes of the next chapters.