How to protect yourself from cybercrime?

Infiltrations that are practiced through electronic devices, such as computers and mobile phones, are considered cybercrimes

Your cyber crimes are described as any criminal activity carried out on the Internet, through a computer, mobile phone or any other device connected to networks.

With the advancement of Internet capabilities, various types of crimes have appeared that were previously only committed in real life. At the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, experts already pointed out that cyber security would face several obstacles. After all, people spent a lot of time in their homes, browsing the net.

What are the most common cyber crimes?

One of the main purposes cyber crimes it is the acquisition of financial gain at the expense of someone else. This category includes species cyber crimes like phishingcloning credit cards and bank information, selling personal data and information, and invading company computer networks through malware.

However, these cyber-attacks are not only about theft and embezzlement, but also cover a wide range of sexual and hate crimes. In this case, the propagation of hate speech, i.e cyberbullying and the dissemination of child pornography and intimate images of individuals is categorized as cyber crimes.

What are the main cyber crimes in Brazil?

Understand how a cyber crime it is important to identify this type of violation. Some of the main types of crimes that occur online and are popular in Brazil are:

Hacking commercial e-mail

Criminals take advantage of companies’ dependence on individuals for email communications to spoof messages and trick people into getting money;

Identity theft

When someone steals another individual’s personal information, such as documents or bank details, and uses it to commit fraud on their behalf;


Species software malicious malware, which locks down computer files, systems, and networks. The goal of the criminal in these cases is to force the victim to publish the stolen data;

Identity theft

Schemes of cyber crimes which aim to trick people into revealing sensitive information to criminals. Usually the victims are the elderly and those who do not have too many skills with digital media;

digital predators

As in real life, predators are criminals who trick young people and children into sexual or psychological abuse. With the increase in attachment to digital media, these young people have more contact with the Internet, through social networks. This puts them at risk of being tricked by predators.

sexual extortion

When someone uses intimate images to blackmail another person. A well-known example is the case of the actress Caroline Dieckmann, who was threatened that her intimate photos would be published on the Internet if she did not pay the criminal at least 11,000 reais. This episode culminated in the creation of Caroline Dieckmann’s law no. 12,737/2012. After being sanctioned by President Dilma Rousseff in 2012, this law is typical of crimes committed in a virtual environment.


This happens when illegal devices are installed on ATMs or point-of-sale terminals to collect data and record cardholder passwords.

Charity fraud and disaster

In times of disasters, environmental or not, non-governmental organizations appear that ask for donations to help disaster victims. However, in some situations these NGOs are fraudsters who do not forward the collected money.

Cases cyber crimes they can be the most diverse. If you think you have been a victim of cybercrime, be sure to check if your electronic devices have been hacked, so that the criminal could steal your information and use it in cyberextortion. This is one of the main descriptions of this type of offense.

What does Brazilian law say about cybercrime?

In 2001, the Budapest Convention was held, an event aimed at discussing the implementation of cyber policies around the world. It was not until 20 years later, in 2021, that Brazil decided to draft laws and regulations to qualify as one of the participants of the convention.

The first law that discussed and indicated the importance of criminalizing cyber attacks was Law no. 12,737/12 Carolina Dieckmann. The decree amended the criminal law to include measures against cyber crimes.

This legislation is intertwined with the Internet Civil Framework, sanctioned just two years later, which provides for non-disclosure of personal information to third parties, including connection logs and other issues related to digital privacy violations. To learn more about this, see the article: “Privacy on the Internet: Learn to protect your data”.

Caroline Dieckmann’s law provided that anyone who violates an individual’s privacy, accesses their digital data, discloses or uses data for extortion, can be sentenced to a prison sentence of three months to one year.

However, in 2021, Law 14155/2021 was passed, amending the Criminal Code and punishing cyber crimes. The sentence was changed to four to eight years of social isolation, with some variations depending on the type of crime and the location of the offender.

In addition, more details are included regarding the criminalization of digital fraud, impersonation and identity theft. Finally, despite the increased penalty, cyber crimes can still be settled by posting bail.

How to file a cybercrime report?

If you are a victim of cybercrime or a witness, you can file a complaint online at National Cybercrime Reporting Center.

In some large cities there are police stations specialized in cyber crimesthis way you can also check in your place and open the event registration in person.

How to protect yourself from cybercrime?

  • Use strong passwords on your accounts;
  • keep software updated operating systems to ensure computer security;
  • Always keep an antivirus program on your computer and remove threats whenever possible;
  • Do not click on suspicious links or open unknown attachments;
  • Do not provide your personal information to any website or person on the Internet;
  • Keep an eye on your bank statements so that nothing unusual happens;
  • Do not leave children on the Internet without adult supervision;
  • Be careful when accepting the terms of use of a website or app, make sure they don’t steal information from their users.

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