PFor the first time in history, the Internet is now available in more than 90% of homes in Parana. These are the data of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), published in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Module of the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (PNAD), showing that in 2021 the global computer network reached 91.3% of Paraná households.
Comparing last year’s data with data from 2019 (in 2020 this research module was not in the field due to the Covid-19 pandemic), it appears that there was a 5.3 percentage point (pp) increase in the proportion of homes that had access to a large network, with the number of connected homes jumping from 3.41 million (86% of the total) to 3.71 million.
Also worth mentioning is the pace at which accessibility is progressing in the country. This is because five years earlier, in 2016, slightly more than seven out of ten homes in Parana (71.3%) had an Internet connection. And with the presence of the network on a larger scale, the number of users has also grown exponentially.
In 2016, 68.7% of respondents used the Internet in the three months before the survey. Extrapolating this to the entire population over 10 years of age, we have that 6.67 million people from Paraná used the Internet. This number reached 7.28 million the following year (or 74.5% of the population in the mentioned age group), exceeded the eight million mark (reaching 8.18 million or 83%) in 2019, and last year reached 8 64 million, which means that 86.6% of the population of Paraná over 10 years of age used the Internet in the recent period.
PNAD TIC also brought an unprecedented change to the list of devices most commonly used in Brazilian households to access the Internet. The mobile phone is, of course, still the main device for accessing the Internet in 99.6% of homes. But second place now belongs to television (50.2%, an increase of 10.8 percentage points compared to 2019), which for the first time overtook the use of microcomputers (48.6%, with a decrease of 2.9 percentage points).
Analyzing the series since 2016, it is evident that there has been a slight increase in the use of mobile phones for Internet access (from 96.4% to 99.6%) and a significant shift in the use of television (from 15.9% to 50.2%). On the other hand, the use of computers (from 65.8% to 48.6%) and tablets (from 17.5% to 9.7%) dropped significantly.
The income of these households was higher among those using a tablet, R$3,179, compared to R$2,324 for those using a microcomputer and R$2,174 for those accessing via TV.
From 2019 to 2021, the number of households with a TV in Parana increased from 3.82 million to 3.91 million. However, there is a slight decrease in the share of households with a TV: from 96.4% to 96.1% of the total number of households in the country. This behavior was observed throughout the country, and in Brazil, the number of homes with a television rose from 68.4 million to 69.6 million, but the share of homes with the device fell from 96.2% to 95.5%.
After all, the presence of landline telephones in the homes of the residents of Parana is increasingly rare. If in 2016, 38% of households had conventional landline telephony, in 2019 this percentage was already 23.1%, and in 2021 it reached 15.6%. Last year, only 707,000 homes in Parana had equipment, a number that five years ago was 1.45 million.
Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, access to and use of the Internet, social networks and applications by the public aged 60 and over has increased or significantly increased, according to the research “Digital involvement of the elderly” published yesterday. of Febraban- Ipespe. Digital tools are already part of the routine of older people and it is a general perception that this public goes through the online environment on several fronts, such as video calls, videos, movies and series through streaming, price research and promotion, in addition to using digital banking services, among other activities. .
On the other hand, the majority of the 3,000 respondents (and especially among those over 60) note that older people still have difficulty using technological tools and feel that they still have little or no knowledge and familiarity with digital tools. Another perception of the majority is that they do not trust or feel safe with them – reflecting the perception that fraud against the elderly online has increased or increased greatly in the last two years.