The SCO promotes the peaceful development of Eurasia; view meeting highlights

Chinese-Uzbek friendship

Upon his arrival in Uzbekistan, Xi Jinping was awarded the Order of Friendship by the country’s president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev. According to Mirziyoyev, the Chinese president was instrumental in bringing the two countries closer together and strengthening relations of friendship and mutual trust. Xi was the first head of state to receive Uzbekistan’s medal since its establishment in 2020, which is considered the most prestigious for foreign recipients. Xi Jinping said that the peoples of the two countries have been building relations for more than 2,000 years, and the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries 30 years ago has opened a new chapter for the people.

Trilateral cooperation between China, Mongolia and Russia

At the meeting held between the partners of trilateral cooperation, Xi Jinping, Vladimir Putin and Ukhnaa Khurelsukh confirmed the extension of the Development Plan Scheme for the establishment of the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor for five years, officially launched the feasibility study on the upgrade and development of the Central Railway of the China-Mongolia Economic Corridor Mongolia-Russia and agreed to actively promote the China-Russia gas pipeline project in the Mongolian part.

China and Turkey

The meeting between Xi Jinping and his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was driven by both sides’ efforts to strengthen multilateralism. The Chinese president called on Erdogan to uphold true multilateralism, support international equality and justice, and strengthen cooperation within multilateral organizations such as the United Nations, the Group of 20 and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

China and Belarus

Xi Jinping and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko issued a joint statement on the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership under any conditions between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Belarus, and signed documents on cooperation in areas such as science and technology, justice, agriculture and e-commerce.

China and Pakistan

Xi Jinping’s meeting with Pakistani Prime Minister Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif took place in a moderate tone. Xi urged Pakistan to maintain its guarantees on the progress of construction of major projects between the two countries. The meeting ensured the signing of comprehensive agreements in railways, e-commerce and other areas.

Wrapped in controversy surrounding the coup against former prime minister Imran Khan, political and military analyst Andrew Korybko said Sharif’s successful participation in the SCO meeting should not be attributed to Sharif personally. According to Korybko, it doesn’t matter to Putin and Xi whether the Pakistani counterpart is a “multipolar visionary” or a “positional marker set by the US”; the new multilateralism proposed by Russia and China is extremely pragmatic.

China and Russia

On Thursday (September 15), the leaders of China and Russia held a meeting that the whole world is expecting. On that occasion, Putin praised China’s moderate position on the issue of Ukraine and welcomed China’s efforts to strengthen multilateralism:

“Attempts to create a unipolar world have recently taken an absolutely disgusting form and are absolutely unacceptable to the vast majority of states on the planet,” Putin said.

Putin also said that although the world is going through “multiple changes”, the only thing that remains unchanged “is the friendship and mutual trust” between the two countries, which, according to the Russian president, remains “stable as a mountain”.

For his part, Xi Jinping praised the strategic communication between the two countries, progress in bilateral cooperation and close coordination on the international scene “to uphold the basic norms of international relations.”

For the Chinese president, even in the face of changes in the world, China must continue to cooperate with Russia to fulfill its responsibilities as a great country and play a leading role in “injecting stability into a world of change and disorder.”

In multilateral frameworks such as the SCO, the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia and BRICS, the two sides should strengthen coordination and their leading role to promote multi-party solidarity and mutual trust, expand practical cooperation and protect the region’s security interests, as well as common interests of developing countries and emerging markets.

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