In 2021, 28 million people in Brazil did not use the Internet, says IBGE | Technology

In 2021, 28.2 million people in Brazil did not use the Internet, according to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). it represents 15.3% of the population older than 10 years.

As a result, 84.7% of the Brazilian population over 10 years old, or 155.7 million people, used the Internet.

Due to the pandemic, the Institute did not conduct this research in 2020. In 2019, 20.5% of the Brazilian population over the age of 10 said they had not used the Internetwhich was equivalent to 36.9 million people.

The data are part of the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Pnad C) conducted by IBGE in the 4th quarter of 2021 and published this Friday (16). The research also found the following:

  • The main reason for not using the Internet is not knowing how to use it. Technology;
  • Voice and video calls became the main purpose (94.9%) in using the Internet;
  • THE The age group between 25 and 29 years old is the one that uses the Internet the most (94.5%);
  • First time, more than half (57.5%) of the population aged 60 and over used the Internet;
  • Television has overtaken the computer as the second most used equipment for internet access, only behind the mobile phone;
  • 28.7 million did not have a mobile phone in 2021 (15.6% of the population aged 10 and over);
  • 98.2% of private school students used the Internet in 2021; among public school students, the rate drops to 87%;
  • The Midwest and Southeast regions lead the way in Internet use; The North and Northeast continue to have the lowest rates;
  • 2.2% of households did not have a digital TV signal converter box, satellite dish or pay TV service.

For data collection, IBGE considered whether the service was used at least at some point in the 90-day period prior to the home interview date. According to the institute, Internet use has been growing in Brazil since 2016, when the rate was 66.1%.

Reasons for not using the Internet

The main reasons for not accessing the Internet among the 28.2 million people who did not use the service in Brazil in 2021 were ignorance of use and lack of interest. For 20.1%, the service or equipment for Internet access was expensive.

Among people who did not use the Internet, 5.3% said the service was not available in their region. This index was 3.5% in the urban area, and reached 9.9% in the rural area.

Purposes of using the Internet

Pnad Contínu summarizes four main uses for Internet access and points out that the use of voice and video calls has become the most common:

  • Talk via voice and video calls: 95.7% (91.4%, 2019);
  • Sending or receiving text, voice and picture messages: 94.9% (95.8%, in 2019);
  • Watch videos, including shows, series and movies: 89.1% (88.9%, in 2019);
  • Send or receive email: 62% (62% in 2019).

Research underlines this the age group 25-29 was the one that used the internet the most in 2021 and that there was faster growth among older age groups. More than half of the elderly accessed the service for the first time.

According to IBGE, this may be caused by “the evolution in facilities for the use of this technology and its spread in the daily life of society”.

The research also points out that in 2021, 85.6% of women and 83.7% of men used the Internet.

Among students, 90.3% used the service, which represents an increase of 2.1 percentage points compared to 2019. As IBGE points out, the group is not homogeneous and there are differences in access to the Internet according to the school system:

  • In the public network, 87% of students used the Internet in 2021;
  • In the private network, 98.2% of students used the Internet in 2021.

The biggest absolute difference of 22.9 percentage points is in the North region, where in 2021, 73.2% of public school students used the Internet, compared to 96.1% of private school students.

In the southeastern region, there is the smallest difference, of 6.8 percentage points: 92.2% of students in the public network used the Internet in 2021, against 99% of students in the private network.

A device used to access the Internet

Mobile phones were the main device used by the population over the age of 10 to access the Internet. The equipment is accompanied by a television that has overtaken the computer:

  • Cell: 98.8% (98.6%, in 2019);
  • TV: 45.1% (32.2%, in 2019);
  • Computer: 41.9% (46.2%, in 2019);
  • Tablet: 9.3% (10.9% in 2019).

Mobile phones are also the most used among students (97.9%), but computers (51.7%) are still ahead of television (49.4%).

There are also differences in the type of device used according to the educational network. Among students from a private network, 80.4% used the Internet via a computer. Among those in the public network, the rate is 38.3%.

IBGE also noted that The Internet was used in 90% of households in the country in 2021which is an increase of 6 percentage points compared to 2019. The index was 92.3% in the urban area and 74.7% in the rural area.

The average real income per inhabitant in households with the Internet is almost twice as high compared to those that did not use the Internet:

  • Households with internet: 1480 BRL
  • Households without internet: 795 BRL

THE Fixed broadband access was used in 83.5% of households and for the first time it surpassed mobile broadband access (3G and 4G) which was used by 79.2%. The use of dial-up Internet continued to decline from 2016 and was present in 0.1% of households in 2021.

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