What is the difference between a gaming PC and a regular PC? | computers

A gaming PC has become the object of desire for many tech enthusiasts — and not just gamers. In general, devices of this type are more powerful than other computers, with plenty of reasons to be desired by video editors, photo editors, and even programmers. However, many users doubt which parts and mechanisms make the machine suitable for gaming or other more demanding activities. To help you understand what can really define a computer as a gamer, TechTudo offers more information about this type of computer below.

🔎 Seven reasons why you should buy a gaming computer instead of a console

It is estimated that various Intel GPU models will appear on the market soon — Photo: Disclosure / Intel

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1. PC player has better graphics performance

A gaming computer must necessarily offer more graphics performance, which is why it is usually necessary to adopt a dedicated graphics card. Unlike video cards integrated into the processor, they have their own processor, memory and connectors, with the promise of better performance.

Video cards are components that in desktop computers are installed in PCIe slots directly on the motherboard, and there are still some models that require a power cable directly from the power supply. The main manufacturers of video cards are AMD and Nvidia, but we should soon have a third competitor in the segment: Intel.

Dedicated graphics cards have a processor – as the name suggests – dedicated, capable of providing better system performance in graphics and gaming software. In addition, this type of GPU has VRAM memory, which contributes to higher performance in graphics generation. Having a video card with more memory will allow the graphics chip to be able to process more textures per cycle, resulting in games having a more advanced visual quality.

2. They have more data processing capacity

AMD’s new series of Ryzen processors promises to compete directly with Intel — Photo: Disclosure / AMD

In a gaming computer, the processor also shares a certain role — after all, besides graphics, there are several other calculations and processes that need to be carried out while playing games. Additionally, generating more frames per second (FPS) on screen is a task that also uses a lot of processing power in addition to the GPU, so it’s always interesting to balance CPU and GPU performance in a system.

In other words, having a limited processor and advanced graphics card can cause the system to not utilize the full power of the GPU, resulting in lower frame rates and limited performance. AMD and Intel have several gaming processor options, and it is interesting to consider models from AMD’s Ryzen 5 and Intel’s Intel Core i5.

Processors with more cores and threads tend to give better performance in games. Likewise, models that offer higher clocks may favor performance in tasks that require more system power. In addition, there are even CPUs that allow overclocking, which is an increase in operating frequencies to ensure higher performance.

HyperX Predator RGB is another RAM memory for those who love design — Photo: Publicity/HyperX

While 8GB of DDR4 RAM on a typical computer is more than enough for most tasks, many modern games recommend that systems have at least 16GB. Many current titles will still benefit from more memory.

Although the video card has its own memory dedicated to video, there are several processes that are executed during the game that will require system memory as well. So more RAM – and preferably in more than one module – is another common feature in gaming PCs.

4. They have high refresh rate screens

The refresh rate refers to how quickly the computer monitor will react to the processed data. So, the bigger it is, the more fluid the experience will be when playing games or watching movies and series. In competitive gaming, it is interesting to consider monitors with around 144 Hz, which can be more expensive.

Most common monitors run between 60 and 75 Hz, while dedicated gaming solutions tend to be much more powerful, with 120, 144, 165 and even 240 Hz options. In order to achieve such a high refresh rate, the whole system must be sophisticated, which is why it is necessary to have a good processor, a good video card, a reasonable amount of RAM and a good screen to present the results.

The Samsung CRG50 monitor is one of the models that have a frequency of 240 Hz — Photo: Disclosure / Samsung

A gaming PC tends to have more robust specs, since games require more performance than everyday activities, like fiddling with spreadsheets or accessing social media. This ultimately makes the gaming rig capable of performing almost any other task that a regular PC would perform more efficiently.

At the same time, even if the entry-level computer can run some lighter games, when it comes to modern games or even at higher resolutions, history does not repeat itself. Due to component inefficiencies, a conventional PC usually cannot satisfactorily run most of the latest titles.

In short, a gaming PC can be a solution not only for those who will play games, but also for those who will perform tasks that require more than a machine. On the other hand, a conventional PC can even run some games, but it won’t offer the same experience as a PC designed for gaming.

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